The Yzeron catchment (150 km2) is located in the Monts du Lyonnais, south-west of Lyon, in France. It is part of the Observatoire de Terrain en Hydrologie Urbaine (OTHU) . It is representative of French periurban areas and is characterized by a marked topography. The geology is contrasted with crystalline formations (granite, gneiss) in the western part of the catchment and more alluvial and glaciar formations in the eastern part. The land use is heterogeneous: the upstream and western part of the basin is covered with forests, the intermediate part is mainly covered with grassland and cultivated lands, mixed with urban nucleus and the downstream part is densely urbanised. A fast progression of urbanization has been observed since the 70s. The area is prone to flash Mediterranean-type flood events due to its steep topography and limited soil water storage capacity overall. The rain water is mainly collected through the rain water network, equipped with combined sewer overflow devices (SOD) that overflow in the river when the sewer capacity is exceeded. This water is rich of sediments and polluants, causing quality issues in the rivers, especially during summer storms, where most of the water reaching the river comes from urbanized areas via SODs. Increased erosion of the river banks has also been brought to light, impacting on the ecosystems.
Starting year: 1997
Location: South-West of Lyon, France
Keywords: continental climate, gneiss, peri-urban watershed, hydrology, ecohydrology, storm overflows
Web site: http://www.graie.org/othu/index.htm
The OTHU observatory is an interdisciplinary platform that documents in situ water and contaminants fluxes generated by the city or by urbanized areas during dry and/or rainy weather. It also studies their impacts on aquatic environments (small rivers and groundwater). The Yzeron catchment is representative of periurban catchments with small intermittent rivers. The observations on the Yzeron aim to:
- Improve our knowledge of the water cycle in periurban areas, in particular through integrated modelling including sewer networks,
- Improve the knowledge of rainfall variability and determine the spatial and temporal resolution needed to understand hydrological processes in periurban catchments,
- Assess the hydrological and ecological impact of artificialization of periurban areas,
- Document and model water and pollutant fluxes and their fate in the river/hyporheic compartments of the system,
- Study interactions between river and artificial networks during urban flooding events.
Sites and measured variables
The research instrumentation that started in 1997 in the Yzeron catchment is complementary to the operational networks of Lyon Métropole (5 rain gauges at 6 min from 1985) and from DREAL (2 stations draining 48 and 129 km2 since 1969 and 1988 respectively). It includes 5 rain gauges (1997, 2005, 2008), one meteorological station (2008). Five sub-basins (where flow, water temperature and at certain points conductivity are measured) are nested within the Yzeron basin: Mercier (1997 – 6.8 km2, forest and agriculture), Chaudanne upstream (1997 – 2.1 km2, agriculture and urban), Chaudanne Léchère (2005 – 4.1 km2, more urbanized), Ratier (2010, 19.2 km2) and Charbonnières (2009, 23.2 km2). Since 2017, monthly measurements of physico-chemical parameters, metal and bacteria contents are sampled at three locations in the Mercier and Ratier catchments. Two soil moisture profiles have also been installed in the Mercier catchment. In the Chaudanne catchment, a site has been instrumented since 2000 to study the impact of the SOD. Measurements of physico-chemical and micro-biological parameters have been acquired during campaigns and projects on this site.
Partners and further information
The monitoring of the Yzeron catchment is performed by INRAE (Unité de recherche RiverLy) and the Laboratoire d’écologie microbienne (LEM, CNRS, Lyon 1, INRAE, VetoAgroSup, BioEnvis, IdexLyon2016). OTHU is funded by Lyon Métropole, Rhône-Méditerranée & Corse Water Agency, the Ministère de l’éducation nationale, de la jeunesse et des sports and the Région Auvergne Rhône-Alpes. SAGYRC also provides funding for the Yzeron catchment monitoring. The OTHU is a workshop site of the Zone Atelier Bassin du Rhône (ZABR).